# S. Belyi

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### Conservative L-systems and the Livšic function

S. Belyi, K. A. Makarov, E. Tsekanovskiĭ

Methods Funct. Anal. Topology **21** (2015), no. 2, 104-133

We study the connection between the classes of (i) Livsic functions $s(z),$ i.e., the characteristic functions of densely defined symmetric operators $\dot A$ with deficiency indices $(1, 1)$; (ii) the characteristic functions $S(z)$ of a maximal dissipative extension $T$ of $\dot A,$ i.e., the Mobius transform of $s(z)$ determined by the von Neumann parameter $\kappa$ of the extension relative to an appropriate basis in the deficiency subspaces; and (iii) the transfer functions $W_\Theta(z)$ of a conservative L-system $\Theta$ with the main operator $T$. It is shown that under a natural hypothesis {the functions $S(z)$ and $W_\Theta(z)$ are reciprocal to each other. In particular, $W_\Theta(z)=\frac{1}{S(z)}=-\frac{1}{s(z)}$ whenever $\kappa=0$. It is established that the impedance function of a conservative L-system with the main operator $T$ belongs to the Donoghue class if and only if the von Neumann parameter vanishes ($\kappa=0$). Moreover, we introduce the generalized Donoghue class and obtain the criteria for an impedance function to belong to this class. We also obtain the representation of a function from this class via the Weyl-Titchmarsh function. All results are illustrated by a number of examples.

### Sectorial classes of inverse Stieltjes functions and L-systems

Methods Funct. Anal. Topology **18** (2012), no. 3, 201-213

We introduce sectorial classes of inverse Stieltjes functions actingon a finite-dimensional Hilbert space as well as scalar classes ofinverse Stieltjes functions based upon their limit behavior at minusinfinity and at zero. It is shown that a function from theseclasses can be realized as the impedance function of a singularL-system and the operator $\tilde A$ in a rigged Hilbert spaceassociated with the realizing system is sectorial. Moreover, it isestablished that the knowledge of the limit values of the scalarimpedance function allows to find an angle of sectoriality of theoperator $\tilde A$ as well as the exact angle of sectoriality of theaccretive main operator $T$ of such a system. The corresponding newformulas connecting the limit values of the impedance function andthe angle of sectoriality of $\tilde A$ are provided. Application ofthese formulas yields that the exact angle of sectoriality ofoperators $\tilde A$ and $T$ is the same if and only if the limitvalue at zero of the corresponding impedance function (along thenegative $x$-axis) is equal to zero. Examples of the realizingL-systems based upon the Schrodinger operator on half-line arepresented.