# Methods of Functional Analysis

and Topology

Editors-in-Chief: Yu. M. Berezansky,
Yu. G. Kondratiev

ISSN: 1029-3531 (Print) 2415-7503 (Online)

Methods of Functional Analysis and Topology (MFAT), founded in 1995, is a peer-reviewed arXiv overlay journal publishing original articles and surveys on general methods and techniques of functional analysis and topology with a special emphasis on applications to modern mathematical physics.

MFAT is an open access journal, free for authors and free for readers.

MFAT is indexed in: MathSciNet, zbMATH, Scopus, Web of Science, DOAJ, Google Scholar

## Latest Articles (September, 2018)

### On new points of the discrete spectrum under singular perturbations

Methods Funct. Anal. Topology **24** (2018), no. 3, 288-296

We study the emergence problem of new points in the discrete spectrum under singular perturbations of a positive operator. We start with the sequential approach to construction of additional eigenvalues for perturbed operators, which was produced by V. Koshmanenko on the base of rigged Hilbert spaces methods. Two new observations are established. We show that one can construct a point of the discrete spectrum of any finite multiplicity in a single step. And that the method of rigged Hilbert spaces admits an application to the modified construction of a new point of the discrete spectrum under super-singular perturbations.

### On uniqueness of fixed points of quadratic stochastic operators on a 2D simplex

Methods Funct. Anal. Topology **24** (2018), no. 3, 255-264

The Perron--Frobenius theorem states that a linear stochastic operator associated with a positive square stochastic matrix has a unique fixed point in the simplex and it is strongly ergodic to that fixed point. However, in general, the similar result for quadratic stochastic operators associated with positive cubic stochastic matrices does not hold true. Namely, it may have more than one fixed point in the simplex. Moreover, the uniqueness of fixed points does not imply the strong ergodicity of quadratic stochastic operators. In this paper, for some classes of positive cubic stochastic matrices, we provide a uniqueness criterion for fixed points of quadratic stochastic operators acting on a 2D simplex. Some supporting examples are also presented.

### Quasi-invariance of completely random measures

Habeebat O. Ibraheem, Eugene Lytvynov

Methods Funct. Anal. Topology **24** (2018), no. 3, 207-239

Let $X$ be a locally compact Polish space. Let $\mathbb K(X)$ denote the space of discrete Radon measures on $X$. Let $\mu$ be a completely random discrete measure on $X$, i.e., $\mu$ is (the distribution of) a completely random measure on $X$ that is concentrated on $\mathbb K(X)$. We consider the multiplicative (current) group $C_0(X\to\mathbb R_+)$ consisting of functions on $X$ that take values in $\mathbb R_+=(0,\infty)$ and are equal to 1 outside a compact set. Each element $\theta\in C_0(X\to\mathbb R_+)$ maps $\mathbb K(X)$ onto itself; more precisely, $\theta$ sends a discrete Radon measure $\sum_i s_i\delta_{x_i}$ to $\sum_i \theta(s_i)s_i\delta_{x_i}$. Thus, elements of $C_0(X\to\mathbb R_+)$ transform the weights of discrete Radon measures. We study conditions under which the measure $\mu$ is quasi-invariant under the action of the current group $C_0(X\to\mathbb R_+)$ and consider several classes of examples. We further assume that $X=\mathbb R^d$ and consider the group of local diffeomorphisms $\operatorname{Diff}_0(X)$. Elements of this group also map $\mathbb K(X)$ onto itself. More precisely, a diffeomorphism $\varphi\in \operatorname{Diff}_0(X)$ sends a discrete Radon measure $\sum_i s_i\delta_{x_i}$ to $\sum_i s_i\delta_{\varphi(x_i)}$. Thus, diffeomorphisms from $\operatorname{Diff}_0(X)$ transform the atoms of discrete Radon measures. We study quasi-invariance of $\mu$ under the action of $\operatorname{Diff}_0(X)$. We finally consider the semidirect product $\mathfrak G:=\operatorname{Diff}_0(X)\times C_0(X\to \mathbb R_+)$ and study conditions of quasi-invariance and partial quasi-invariance of $\mu$ under the action of $\mathfrak G$.

### On the spectrum of multiplication operators

Methods Funct. Anal. Topology **24** (2018), no. 3, 265-274

We study relations between spectra of two operators that are connected to each other through some intertwining conditions. As an application, we obtain new results on the spectra of multiplication operators on $B(\mathcal H)$ relating it to the spectra of the restriction of the operators to the ideal $\mathcal C_2$ of Hilbert-Schmidt operators. We also solve one of the problems, posed in [6], about the positivity of the spectrum of multiplication operators with positive operator coefficients when the coefficients on one side commute. Using the Wiener-Pitt phenomena we show that the spectrum of a multiplication operator with normal coefficients satisfying the Haagerup condition might be strictly larger than the spectrum of its restriction to $\mathcal C_2$.